Grief is a natural emotional response to loss or change. When someone we love dies or a relationship ends, grief is adjusting to a life without someone or something meaningful to us. Grief can manifest in many ways, including sadness, anger, guilt, anxiety, loneliness, fatigue, and disrupted sleep.
Though grief is typically worse in the period immediately following a loss, grieving is a journey that unfolds over time as we learn to integrate the loss into our lives.
According to research, human bodies follow natural circadian rhythms that regulate our physical, mental, and behavioral changes over a 24-hour cycle.
During the day, we are more active, social, and occupied with work, family, or other engagements. But at night, we are alone with our thoughts, and fewer distractions are available to redirect our focus.
For many grieving people, this quietude brings an amplification of grief emotions and grief pangs. The darkness summons our yearning, while silence leaves space for rumination on the person or situation we’ve lost. Nighttime grief may also surface through dreams, causing us to re-experience the painful emotions of our loss.
Moreover, anecdotal experiences shared by grieving people highlight how grief often intensifies at night. Some describe crying more intensely at night or having difficulty falling asleep. Others experience acute grief and loneliness at night. Insomnia or broken sleep are common grief responses due to heightened anxiety and sadness.
The grieving mind replays memories at night and gravitates toward regret and questioning. For many grieving persons, dreading the long nights ahead becomes a significant source of distress.
This article “Why is Grief Worse at Night” explores the phenomena of heightened grief at night. It summarises scientific research on circadian factors related to nighttime grief. Personal anecdotes illustrate the lived experiences of acute sorrow during long nights of grieving.
The article concludes by offering coping strategies and advice for navigating grief during the late evening hours. The goal is to provide validation and hope for those struggling with the isolation and enormity of grief at night.
How Circadian Rhythm, our internal body clock, controls our Sleeping Pattern
The circadian rhythm is our internal body clock. It controls when we feel awake or sleepy during a 24-hour day. Some people are morning people and feel alert early. Others are night owls and feel energetic late at night. But in general, our energy and mood follow a daily cycle.
Our circadian clock is located in the brain. It responds to signals like sunlight that tell the body when to be asleep or awake. This inner clock regulates hormones, body temperature, and other functions in a 24-hour cycle. When the circadian rhythm is disturbed, it can negatively affect our physical and mental health.
How the Circadian Rhythm Affects Emotions
Research shows our circadian rhythm influences how we emotionally regulate throughout the day. Emotional regulation means controlling your moods and reactions to dynamic events.
During the day, we are more likely to manage sad or stressful feelings successfully. We have more distractions and social support. Sunlight exposure also helps boost mood.
We tend to have lower energy and less ability to regulate emotions at night. It’s more challenging to shake off sad thoughts or calm strong feelings. Hormone changes at night can also make us more emotionally vulnerable.
Circadian Rhythms and Mood
Studies find our emotional reactivity and vulnerability increase after dark. For example, one study measured people’s brain activity when shown disturbing images. There was higher brain reactivity to the pictures at night compared to the morning.
Other research suggests depression and anxiety symptoms often peak at night. Suicide risk has also been shown to increase during late evening hours.
Overall, the research demonstrates our inner clock makes us more emotionally sensitive when the sun goes down. This helps explain why grief may feel amplified during quiet nights.
Understanding the causes of Grief and Emotions
Grief is a natural response when someone important dies, or a significant life change happens. It can involve many complex emotions like sadness, anger, loneliness, fear, and regret.
There is no right or wrong way to grieve. Each person’s grief process is unique. Grief comes in waves, with good days and bad days. Over many months or years, most people adjust to loss as grief gradually becomes less intense.
Grief and Emotional Well-Being
Losing someone close or adjusting to a new reality is extremely hard emotionally. Grief can cause stress, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and other mental health effects. It can be physically draining and make it hard to focus or care for yourself.
Strong emotions like sorrow, guilt, or anger rise and fall for grieving persons daily. Finding healthy ways to cope with grief changes your emotional well-being over time.
Grief Emotions Through the Day
Research shows our emotions and energy levels shift at different times of day. Grief likely follows a daily cycle, too.
Grieving people often report feeling more stable and motivated during daylight hours. There are more activities and people to distract them from sadness. At night, grief may spike and seem unbearable in the loneliness and silence.
Understanding grief as an emotional wave that intensifies at night helps explain why many people struggle more after dark. Knowing this regular pattern can make the long nights easier to bear.
Factors Making Nights More Challenging
Nighttime has many features that can amplify feelings of grief. Silence and darkness leave people alone with their grief thoughts. Lack of distractions makes it harder to redirect focus away from loss and pain. The loneliness of a long, empty night can feel overbearing.
Exhaustion at night also lowers coping abilities. Having energy drained by grief during the day leaves less reserves to manage strong emotions that surface after dark. For grieving persons with insomnia or broken sleep, fatigue makes nights even more challenging.
Changes in Body and Mind at Night
Nighttime brings hormonal shifts and other biological changes that influence mood and grief. Melatonin release that makes us sleepy can also worsen depression symptoms. Cortisol levels that peak in the early morning may heighten anxiety and negative thinking.
Our minds also tend to ruminate more at night. Unpleasant memories or regrets replay, fueling sadness and anger. Dreaming about lost loved ones is common and can reopen the wound. Letting go is harder when grief feels so near.
Research Connecting Grief and Nighttime
Studies confirm many people grieve more acutely after sunset and into the night. Increased fatigue, loneliness, rumination, and biological changes play a role. Those already struggling with insomnia or depression tend to have worse nighttime grief.
Understanding why darkness is often the most despairing time provides some logic to this painful pattern. Even anticipating tough nights can help grieving persons mentally prepare and take action to soften the blow. There are healthy coping strategies to make it through until morning light.
Impact of Grief on Sleep Problems
Grief and sleep often negatively affect one another. The emotional stress of suffering can lead to sleep issues like insomnia. In turn, lack of sleep exacerbates grief symptoms.
Many grieving people experience restless nights and frequent waking. Some have difficulty falling asleep. Sleep quality is reduced, leaving people exhausted. This compounds the sadness, anxiety, irritability, and other complex grief reactions.
Sleep Issues Intensify Grief
Gr grieving persons lack the energy to cope with intense emotions without adequate rest. Sleep deprivation also impairs concentration, decision-making, and performance. This makes managing usual responsibilities alongside grief very hard.
Tossing and turning through the night also means more time alone, contemplating about loss. Anxiety rises when worrying about getting enough sleep. Long wakeful nights drag on, making darkness feel even more isolating and filled with sorrow.
Efforts to Minimize the Grief
When grieving, it is essential to wind down both your mind and body before bed. Dim the lights in the evening and put away any screens at least one hour before bed. Take time to write in a journal, read an uplifting book, or listen to calm music. Practice deep breathing to lower your stress levels.
Do gentle stretches or have a warm bath. Changing into comfortable pajamas can cue your body that it’s time to relax and prepare for sleep. Maintain this relaxing routine every night so your body associates it with winding down to fall asleep. Consistency also provides comfort during a time of emotional upheaval.
Avoid Screens Before Bed
Looking at phones, tablets, computers, and TVs before bed overstimulates your mind, making it hard to fall asleep. The blue light emitted from screens also suppresses melatonin, a sleep-promoting hormone. Make it a rule to turn off all electronic devices especially disconnect social media at least an hour before bedtime.
Find alternate ways to unwind, like listening to music, meditating, or reading a print book. If you need help sticking to the rule, leave devices outside your bedroom or set parental controls to disable them at night. Prioritizing good sleep is crucial when coping with grief’s emotional turbulence.
Exercise Daily But Not Too Late
Getting regular exercise provides physical and mental benefits that aid sleep. However, working out too close to bedtime can overstimulate your body and make it harder to fall asleep. Go for a walk, do yoga, lift weights, or get other exercise earlier in the day.
Finish exercise at least 2-3 hours before bedtime. Moving your body eases anxiety and tires your muscles so you fall asleep faster. Just time the activity well before your winding down period. Make exercise a priority daily, even when grieving, to improve your sleep quality.
Keep the Bedroom Dark and Cool
A bedroom environment conducive to sleep is critical when grief interrupts your rest. Use blackout curtains or an eye mask so no light filters in. Keep devices charging outside the room so lights don’t disturb you. Make sure the thermostat is set between 60-67 degrees Fahrenheit.
Being too hot or cold can disrupt sleep.You want a comfortably cool room to allow your body temperature to drop at night, prompting quality rest. Ear plugs can also help dull noises like traffic. Optimizing the sleep environment gives you the best chance at uninterrupted restorative slumber.
Use White Noise or Calming Music
Consider using a white noise machine or playing ambient music in your bedroom at night. This masks any disruptive sounds like neighbors or traffic that could wake you. The consistent backdrop of calming noise can also prevent your mind from rehashing thoughts that fuel anxiety and rumination.
Choose a soothing white noise or music style, like ocean waves, rainfall, classical tunes, or nature. Listen to potential options to identify your preferences during the day, then play the sounds softly all night. This gives grieving minds a peaceful soundtrack to accompany rest.
Practice Deep Breathing Exercises
When grief triggers restless nights, deep breathing techniques can calm your nervous system and mind to allow you to sleep. At night, sit comfortably and inhale slowly through your nose, filling your belly and chest with air.
Exhale gently through pursed lips. Repeat this pattern to a steady rhythm. Imagine breathing out stress and tension. Clear your mind and focus only on your breath. Even 5 minutes of deep breathing before bed can induce relaxation and prime your body for slumber during grief’s tumultuous tide.
Try Meditation and Stretching
Incorporate brief meditation or gentle stretching into your pre-sleep routine. Meditate while listening to relaxing music or repeating a mantra. Stretch muscles contracted from stress with poses like the child’s pose. These practices quiet racing thoughts and relax both the mind and body.
When grief fuels repetitive thinking that impedes sleep, meditation, and stretching, allow a mental reset. Just 5-10 minutes of these calming activities can make falling asleep easier. Over time, the techniques build skills to detach from rumination that exacerbates emotional pain.
Maintain a Schedule
A consistent sleep schedule helps regulate your circadian rhythm, so you rest better. Try to go to bed and wake up simultaneously every day, even on weekends and holidays. Keeping an orderly routine when life feels chaotic also provides stability amid grief. Your mind will associate the schedule with winding down for sleep.
Adhering to a calming bedtime routine each evening before lights out further cues your body it’s time for quality slumber. This regulates sleep and prevents bad habits that could disrupt rest during grief.
Ask a Doctor About Temporary Sleep Aids
If grief severely impacts your ability to fall or stay asleep, ask your doctor about temporary medical sleep aids. Prescription medications like sedatives or sleep stabilizers could provide relief for several weeks. Some natural supplements like melatonin or valerian root also modestly improve sleep. Just take care of the dosage and duration of sleep aids, as they can become less effective over time.
Improving rest during intense grief makes coping easier, so don’t hesitate to seek medical guidance. Prioritizing rest and restoration amid grief helps build emotional reserves and resilience for the ups and downs of grieving. Even minor improvements in sleep can provide some relief during painful nights.
Additional strategies for minimizing nighttime grief
In addition to the above coping techniques, there are some additional strategies to minimize grief at night:
Write in a Journal to Process Feelings
Keeping a journal is an excellent way to process overwhelming grief emotions that surface at night constructively. Writing accesses your inner wisdom and promotes self-reflection. Pour all your uncensored feelings – sadness, anger, fear – onto the pages. Describe memories keeping you up or unanswered questions about your loss.
This emotional release provides relief and perspective. Look back on previous journal entries to track your grief progress over time. Writing by lamplight offers comfort when the rest of the world is asleep. It helps organize racing thoughts into a tangible format, making sense of inner turmoil.
Make a Cup of Herbal Tea to Calm Nerves
Hot herbal tea can relax the mind and body when grief triggers restlessness or insomnia. Chamomile, lavender, passionflower, and other herbs have natural sedative qualities. Brew a cup of your favorite calming tea each night to slowly drink as you unwind for sleep. Make this a comforting ritual. Light some candles, put on soothing music, and drink the tea mindfully.
Focus on the warmth, aroma, and flavor. Breathe deeply between sips. Let the routine cue your nervous system it’s time for relaxation. The hydration and light activity in preparing tea may also take just enough edge off grief to allow rest.
Listen to or Play Soothing Music
Music has powerful physiological and emotional effects that can calm the mind—playing some favorite relaxing tunes or instrumental pieces when grief surfaces intensely at night. Close your eyes and let the melodies soothe tension. Singing along or playing an instrument positively engages your brain.
If listening passively, choose ambient, classical, or natural sounds that promote tranquility. Make a dedicated grief-soothing playlist to play nightly. The consistency can signal your brain it’s time to unwind. Finding comfort in music helps reframe nights as a gentle respite instead of lonely distress.
Look at Hopeful and Inspiring Quotes
Curate a collection of short positive quotes to look at any time grief overwhelms you at night. Find inspiring sayings about resilience, love, gratitude, and hope. Print them out or save a document on your phone. When darkness brings emotional pain, read a few quotes for an instant perspective shift.
Remembering the bigger picture and what matters can relax a turbulent mind. Sit quietly and reflect on the meaning of the words. Repeat favorite quotes out loud like a mantra. The simple act of processing uplifting sentiments injects light into even the darkest nights.
Pray, Reflect, or Practice Mindfulness
For religious or spiritual people, praying is a powerful way to feel connected with divine love and find meaning when grief strikes at night. Reciting memorized prayers or speaking conversationally with God conveys burdens and grants peace. Reflecting on spiritual beliefs about strength, healing, and the afterlife can also ease fears about loss.
For non-religious individuals, mindfulness practices like breathing exercises, meditation, and yoga help anchor the mind in the present moment with calm acceptance. Any ritual of inner reflection reduces anxiety and isolation, bringing stability back to chaotic nights.
Do Gentle Stretches or Go For a Brief Walk
When restlessness arises in the late hours, move in small, soothing ways. Do a few gentle stretches in bed to release physical tension and relax your body. If you are not too tired, go for a short stroll outside. Stroll, breathing the cool night air.
Gaze at the moon and stars to feel connected to the universe. The change of environment and stimulation of moving provide a distraction from repetitive grief thoughts racing through your head. Return home and try to settle back into sleep with a renewed sense of inner quiet.
Distract Yourself With a Light Activity
On nights when grief torments your mind, engage in a simple, comforting activity to redirect focus. Options like reading, coloring in an adult book, doing puzzles, or playing solitaire work well. Choose something that occupies your brain enough to give it a break from dwelling on sadness and pain.
Don’t select anything too stimulating, just a light hobby that passes the time enjoyably. Have your ‘grief distraction toolkit’ ready to use as needed when darkness brings emotional intensity.
Use healthy coping tools to normalize and steady difficult nights
Don’t struggle alone when grief keeps you awake. Talking to loved ones, grief counselors, or support groups helps mitigate the loneliness. If nights are genuinely unbearable, call a hotline for comforting dialogue.
Consider having a friend stay over for company or asking family to check on you the following day. Look into grief therapy if distress persists.
Only Use the Bed for Sleep and Intimacy
When grief disrupts sleep, reserve your bed only for sleeping and intimacy. Refrain from watching television, scrolling your phone, or eating in bed. Train your mind to associate the bedroom solely with slumber. If you struggle to sleep, exit the room and engage in a calming activity until tiredness returns, then return to bed.
This strengthens the bed as a cue for your body to feel sleepy. Limiting bed usage also motivates you to fall asleep efficiently when grief has exhausted your reserves. Over time, it becomes a habit to get into bed and quickly enter a state of rest your mind and body crave.
Keep the Room Clean, Quiet, and Organized
An orderly, decluttered bedroom helps signal your brain that the space is meant for restful sleep. Make your bed each morning and keep surfaces like nightstands tidy. Remove piles of clothing, work materials, or anything visually distracting. Excess clutter overstimulates the mind, making it hard to calm down.
Keep noise and disruptions minimal by closing windows and turning phones off. A serene environment free of chaos encourages the peace needed to fall and stay asleep through the night. Reducing sensory input also helps minimize grief rumination.
Purchase Blackout Curtains to Minimize light
Exposure to light can suppress melatonin production and alter circadian rhythms, disrupting high-quality sleep. Invest in room-darkening blackout curtains to block outside light pollution at night. Choose a heavyweight fabric lined with blackout material to prevent outdoor lighting or sunrise from filtering in.
Install the curtains fully covering each window for maximum light blocking. If complete darkness helps you fall back asleep when waking up in the night, use blackout curtains to create an optimal dark refuge. Making the room pitch black eliminates stimulation, so your mind and body rest undisturbed.
Use a White Noise Machine to Dull Disruptive Sounds
White noise masks erratic nighttime sounds that may abruptly wake you, like pet noises, traffic, or a partner’s snoring. The constant ambient backdrop also prevents your mind from focusing on every slight noise when struggling with grief insomnia. Choose a white noise machine with high-quality speakers and various soothing sounds.
Try ocean waves, steady rainfall, hums, or fans. Place the device near your bed and adjust the volume to cloak disruptions. Let the calming sounds drown out distractions so you can fall asleep faster and stay asleep throughout the night.
Keep the Temperature Around 65 Degrees
Research shows the optimal bedroom temperature for sleep is 60-67 degrees Fahrenheit. This ambient coolness aligns with the body’s natural decline in temperature at night. To encourage quality slumber: Set your thermostat within this range before bedtime. Make sure vents are open and uncovered. Use a fan or open windows to circulate fresh air.
Adding breathable natural bedding also prevents overheating under blankets. Avoid temperatures too far on either end of the scale, as shivering or sweating will ruin sleep. Maintaining an appropriately calm environment tells your brain it’s time for deep, restorative rest.
Consider a New Mattress for Maximum Comfort
Proper mattress support prevents back pain and maintains healthy sleep position alignment. When grief disrupts rest, ensure your bed provides the comfort to fall back asleep easily after waking. Look for a medium-firm mattress with conforming properties to cushion joints without sagging.
Test different materials and firmness levels at the store. Ask about return policies in case the bed aggravates pain issues. Investing in a high-quality supportive mattress, pillows, and bedding creates an oasis of comfort where your body can achieve the deep, uninterrupted sleep grief often evades.
Personal Experiences of Nighttime Grief
Let’s read a case study to understand how to mitigate night grief. It will help you to understand the process quickly and comprehensively.
Case Study 1
Linda lost her husband after a long illness. She shared: “The evenings were the loneliest times and my tears would start flowing as soon as I got into bed. His side of the bed felt so empty. I dreaded the darkness.”
Case Study 2
John’s teenage daughter was killed in an accident. He described intense pain at night: “My sadness was overwhelming late at night when everything was still. I beat myself up with regrets and kept picturing my daughter.”
How to Cope with the Case Studies
For Linda, talking to friends at night helped ease the loneliness. She also found comfort in looking at old photos of happy times with her husband before bed and praying and meditation before sleep brought her peace.
John sought a grief counselor to work through his intense nighttime ruminations. The therapist helped reframe John’s thinking around the accident, reducing his self-blame and joining a support group of others who had lost children created solidarity during nights.
Though the deep sorrow remained, Linda and John discovered ways to make nights more bearable. Finding hope in each new day helped their grief gradually soften over time.
Research Connecting Grief and Nighttime
There are many types of research done on intense grief at night; some of the most prominent ones are the following:
Disrupted Sleep Cycles
Studies using sleep diaries, actigraphy, and polysomnography show that grief often severely disrupts regular sleep cycles. Grieving individuals frequently experience difficulties falling asleep and maintaining continuous slumber. Sleep efficiency and total sleep time decrease while nighttime awakenings increase. This impaired sleep prevents the body from completing the necessary sleep stages.
REM and deep sleep are often fragmented, resulting in a lack of restorative rest. Without proper sleep architecture, the mind cannot process emotions and memories essential to adapting to loss. They have disrupted circadian rhythms from grief cause fatigue that subsequently intensifies psychological distress.
Fatigue Lowering Coping Abilities
Research has examined how grief-related sleep disturbances contribute to mental and physical fatigue. This fatigue then impairs daily functioning and the ability to regulate emotions. Studies utilizing self-report surveys have found that fatigue from poor sleep decreases grievers’ capacity to manage sad moods. Coping requires energy, which grief and insomnia quickly deplete.
Fatigue also reduces cognitive sharpness, compounding occupational and interpersonal difficulties during mourning. People experiencing bereavement report needing naps due to exhaustion, further disrupting circadian rhythms. Without rest, psychological resources to withstand grief’s emotional storms become depleted, leaving individuals vulnerable each night.
Circadian Rhythms Impacting Hormones
Investigations into circadian hormones help explain grief’s nocturnal intensification. Cortisol levels that naturally peak in the early morning can heighten anxiety and negative thinking. Studies show cortisol rhythms are altered by bereavement. Meanwhile, melatonin release inducing sleep also amplifies low mood.
Analyses of other circadian hormones like leptin reveal dysregulation among grievers. Nighttime hormonal milieu combined with fatigue appears to create a physiological state prone to ruminating in despair. Grief seems to biologically interact with circadian rhythms, influencing biochemistry to exacerbate mourning as the sun goes down.
More Rumination and Isolation in Darkness
Quantitative and qualitative research confirms that grieving individuals ruminate and isolate more at night. Questionnaires and interviews indicate amplifying feelings of loneliness, sadness, and anxiety after sunset—harmful repetitive thinking spikes, evoking regrets and distressing “what ifs” in the stillness.
With exhaustion sapping coping abilities, the loss feels especially painful and overwhelming in darkness. Bedrooms become associated with escalating anguish, creating fear of nights.
Studies suggest rumination and isolation mutually reinforce and worsen nocturnal misery. Targeting nightly brooding and loneliness through clinical interventions could provide relief.
Lack of Distractions from Grief Thoughts
Bereavement studies demonstrate that grief thoughts and emotions at night grow more severe without daytime distractions. Work, social interactions, and activities divert attention and provide respite from anguish. But in bed with little mental stimulation, researchers find the mind endlessly rehashes traumatic memories.
Furthermore, empirical evidence shows loss of rumination has a more significant negative impact at night, likely due to tiredness diminishing control.
The combination of circadian vulnerability and lack of cognitive distraction can cause distress. Ensuring engaging diversion from repetitive thinking before bed is thus critical to mitigating darkness’s amplification of mourning.
Research validates the challenges many grieving persons face after sunset. These findings help normalize nighttime struggles and point to helpful coping strategies to manage hard nights.
Cultural and Historical Views on Nighttime Grief
In many cultures and religions, nights are a particular time to honor deceased loved ones. Lighting candles or oil lamps is common. Some hold ceremonies or prayer services in the evening to support grievers.
In Judaism, a ” Kaddish ” prayer is recited daily for 11 months after a death, often at sundown. In Christianity, vigils and other remembrance rituals for the dead traditionally occur in the evening.
Some Asian cultures practice rituals before sunrise to care for grieving persons during long nights. Bringing food, performing music, and staying awake together emphasizes community support overnight.
Throughout history, nighttime grief has been depicted through literature and art. Shakespeare wrote in the play “Romeo and Juliet,” “More light and light, more dark and dark our woes.” Paintings often show grievers alone in darkness, pondering loss.
Historically, societies implicitly understand the challenges of nights amid grief. Traditions evolved to acknowledge this suffering and provide comfort after sunset.
Final Thoughts – Why is Grief Worse at Night
This article explored several reasons grief often intensifies at night and shows our circadian rhythms greatly influence how we emotionally regulate throughout the day. We tend to have lower energy and less ability to manage sad moods or strong feelings at night. Hormone changes at night also increase emotional reactivity.
Bereaved individuals often report more intense grief after sunset due to exhaustion diminishing their coping capacities. The lack of daytime distractions at night also means more rumination about the loss, which fuels painful emotions.
Research finds that grieving persons tend to isolate themselves more at night and meditate on their loss. Biological changes relating to the circadian rhythm also make nighttime an emotionally vulnerable period. This combination escalates grief symptoms.
Sleep disturbances like insomnia are common during bereavement. However, lack of sleep exacerbates sadness, anxiety, and other complex grief reactions. This circular relationship where grief disrupts sleep and poor sleep compounds grief, making nights even more distressing.
Research and personal accounts confirm that nights can magnify grief emotions. However, anticipating and accepting this pattern helps normalize the experience. Many compassionate coping strategies exist to get through long evenings of acute sorrow.
Know that you are not alone for those struggling with overwhelming grief at night. Reach out for support from loved ones or professionals. Focus on self-care and minor sources of comfort. Each morning brings an opportunity to start fresh. In time, nights gradually become more accessible to bear as grief slowly transforms.
Research shows several factors contribute to heightened grief at night, including fatigue, lack of distractions, increased isolation and rumination, and circadian rhythm changes affecting hormones and emotion regulation.
Studies demonstrate poor sleep quality often accompanies grief. Not getting enough restorative sleep impairs cognition and coping abilities, making emotional distress unbearable at night.
Essential hormones like melatonin and cortisol fluctuate at night according to circadian rhythms. These changes interact with grief to increase depression symptoms, anxiety, and negative thinking after dark.
Isolation at night leaves grieving individuals ruminating without distractions or social support. Silence and darkness with exhaustion make sadness and loneliness more salient.